I’ve mentioned before how odd it is that so many mighty-whities are fond of Nazi Germany, the one power to count a non-white nation (Japan) among its major allies. More recently it occurred to me that the lineup in WW2 also matches up poorly with an “aryan” family of languages. I suppose that’s not what the Nazis were actually focused on since Yiddish is an Indo-European (Germanic even!) language, but I find it an interesting angle nonetheless. As far as I know, there are three current language families indigenous to Europe do not derive from Indo-European. These are the Basque linguistic isolate, the Finno-Ugric family (spoken in Finland, Hungary and Estonia) and the Caucasian family (the only member of which is a national language being Georgian). The Basques predominately reside in Spain. Spain under Franco was aligned with the axis but declined to actually participate in the war. During Spain’s civil war, the Basques fought against the nationalists for the independence/autonomy of their territory. I will chalk them up to neither side. Finland had fought a Winter War with the Soviet Union following the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. Afterward they coordinated with Germany to attack the Soviet Union during the Continuation War and some of the allies declared war on them. Hungary was an initial beneficiary of the German dismantling of Czechoslovakia, and subsequently participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union with a brief period under a fascist government. Unlike Finland, Estonia was successfully seized by the Soviets during the pact. Its people greeted the Germans as liberators and some went to serve in the Finnish army against the Soviets while others were conscripted by Germany. Georgia was the only nation to (briefly) be ruled by a Menshevik government, but was quickly incorporated into the USSR. German forces failed to reach Georgia and many Georgians served in the Red Army, but others enlisted in the Georgian Legion on behalf of Germany. Sub-national caucasian-speaking ethnic groups were viewed with suspicion by Stalin, so he had the Chechen and Ingush peoples exiled to Siberia (as well as the Turkic-speaking Karachay and Balkarian peoples) for collaboration with the Nazis. Just in writing this I learned that other co-belligerents included Iraq and Thailand. On the allied side, Turkey remained neutral (despite collaborating with the Soviets during its own war of independence) until 1945 when it symbolically entered on the side of the allies. China had been on good terms with the Nazi regime, but its pre-axis conflict with Japan put it on the side of the allies.
UPDATE: P. M. Lawrence in a comment below tarnishes my beautiful post with some ugly facts.