aka Dain Fitzgerald.

You can read it here via Google Docs.


Political Polarization in recent decades is due to the intransigence of increasingly sophisticated ideologues – the same group, paradoxically, that is most politically engaged – and is unlikely to be remedied by more education or a more deliberative democracy, as informed by the findings of political psychologists and other scholars. Due to epistemological ignorance and social complexity, the use of stereotypes by ideological political actors, as outlined by Walter Lippmann, is unfortunately relied upon to determine one’s political beliefs. Civil society, with its more piecemeal and granular approach to problem solving, is relatively better able to take account of the uniqueness of persons, their beliefs, and their lifestyles, making it a superior arena for (an admittedly informal) deliberation when compared to its explicitly political alternative.